Serious damages by game are caused to young forest crops and due to a great number of big game, such as deer and roe deer. Occasionally, small game, due to its large number, damages poplar and willow seedlings by peeling off their bark.
Damages by domestic animals are caused to young forest plantations and among most serious pests are horses and geese as well as other animals to a significantly less degree.
Most frequently applied protective measures include:
- setting up of joint fences for the protection of young forest crops and naturally regenerated forests against big game;
- setting up of individual fences around tree seedlings;
- use of repellents to ward off the game and prevent biting off of tree buds and peeling off of seedlings bark.